Multi-modal approach for sealing Jammuís Border: Advani
1 March 2000
New Delhi: A multi-modal approach has been planned for sealing the International Border in Jammu region. Giving this information in the Lok Sabha, the Minister for Home Affairs, Mr LK Advani, pointed out the plan to cost about Rs 23 crores will provide fencing, lighting and intruder alarm system (IAS). Mr Advani stated in reply to a question by Mr Amar Roypradhan that the Government planned the multi-modal approach in respect of Jammuís International Border with a view to preventing infiltration from across the border. Mr Advani informed the House that decision to start this work will be taken at an appropriate time. The Home Minister also informed the House that there is no proposal, at present, to electrify any other International Border. He said that electrification of the border in Punjab and Rajasthan had been completed, except for some riverine gaps and sand dune areas respectively. Similar work in the Gujarat sector, he added, had already been started and would be completed in about 5 years. Answering a question by Mr MVVS Murthi and Mr Shivaji Mane, Mr Advani stated that while major concerns emanated from Pakistan sponsored terrorism in Jammu and Kashmir and inter-linked and externally supported subversive activities of militant groups in some States of the north-east region, there were reports that some militant groups ''are under pressure'' to revive militancy in Punjab. Mr Advani identified as many as 30 major terrorist outfits operating in India with some of them enjoying support of foreign countries. Of these, 12 organisations are operating in Jammu and Kashmir. They are: Hizb-ul-Mujahideen, Harkat-ul-Mujahideen, Lashkar-e-Toiba, Al-Barq, Jammu and Kashmir Liberation Front, Al-Jehad, Jamait-ul-Mujahideen, Tehrik-ul-Mujahideen, Tehrik-e-Jehad, Al-Badr, Harkat-ul-Jehad-e-Islami and Al-Umar. The Home Minister stated that 8 Sikh extremist outfits operated in the country. They are: Babbar Khalsa International, Dal Khalsa International, International Sikh Youth Federation (Rode), International Sikh Youth Federation (Chaheru), Khali-stan Commando Force (Panjwar), Khalistan Zindabad Force, Khalistan Liberation Force and Khalistan National Army. The remaining 10 outfits, Mr Advani said, operated in various areas in the north-east region. These outfits are: Kama Gate Maru Dal, United Liberation Front of Assam, National Democratic Front of Bodoland, National Liberation Front of Tripura, All Tripura Tiger Force, National Socialist Council of Nagaland, Naga National Council, Manipur Peoples Liberation Front, United National Liberation Front and Peoples Liberation Army. Mr Advani informed the House that two Unified Headquarters are working at Jammu and Kashmir with the Corps Commanders of the XV and XVI Corps as security advisers for coordinating and sharing security related intelligence and methodology of working out strategies for counter terrorism and militancy in the area as also to coordinate operation and deployment of security forces. Besides, the officers of the J&K Government, representatives of Intelligence Bureau (IB), BSF, CRPF, ITBP and Army are represented in the Unified Headquarters. Mr Advani reiterated that the Central Government had been reimbursing security related expenditure to the State of Jammu and Kashmir and North-Eastern States. An amount of Rs 392.48 crores, he said, had been reimbursed to Jammu and Kashmir up to 1999-2000. An amount of Rs 381.18 crores had been released to North-Eastern States till date. According to the Home Minister, while intelligence is shared on continuous basis and support is provided by way of financial assistance for modernisation of State police and deployment of Central paramilitary forces, border fencing and flood lighting has been undertaken along stretches of the Indo-Pak and Indo-Bangladesh borders to prevent infiltration. Diplomatic initiatives, he stated, had also been taken with the concerned countries to curb cross-border terrorism. In his reply to a question by Mr Sheesh Ram Singh Ravi and Mr Bherulal Meena, Mr Advani said that Pakistanís ISI continued to persist with its efforts to foment terrorism in the country by smuggling in weapons, explosives, fake currency and drugs with a view to stepping up the activities of militant groups. He added that there were also reports of concerted efforts being made by ISI to infiltrate foreign mercenaries on a large scale to step up violence in Jammu and Kashmir. Reiterating that the Government of India provided financial assistance to States for modernisation of their police forces in order to equip them to deal with terrorism more effectively, an amount of Rs 1587.84 crores had so far been released in respect of Jammu and Kashmir. He said that instances of recovery of fake Indian currency from various parts of the country, especially in the border areas, also indicated the efforts of Pak ISI to destabilise the economy. Mr Advani said that joint working groups had been set up to discuss security related matters of mutual concern with Nepal, Bangladesh and Myanmar for combating trans-border crime and terrorism, joint working groups had also been set up with Canada, Germany and USA for information sharing and joint cooperation in combating international crime and terrorism.