Pak still controls flow of terror: Manmohan
14 September 2005
V S Chandrasekar
New York: A day before he hosts a dinner for President Pervez Musharraf, Prime Minister Manmohan Singh has done some plain-speaking on the violence in Jammu and Kashmir, telling U S President George W Bush that Pakistan still controls the flow of terror into the state. 'This (flow) must stop for any real progress to be made in the peace process,' he told the US leader at a meeting shortly after arriving here on a four-day visit during which he will address the UN General Assembly and meet with other top world leaders, including Russian President Vladimir Putin and Chinese leader Hu Jintao. Singh, who has maintained that he continued to trust Musharraf and that he was looking forward to meeting at dinner here, gave this assessment of the Indo-Pak peace process in response to Bush's queries on the subject. Another important topic at the meeting, held at Bush's request, was the 'landmark' agreement reached between the two leaders in July under which the US Administration would seek Congressional approval to lift restrictions on supplies of equipment and fuel for India's civilian nuclear programme subject to India also fulfilling its commitments, including separating its civilian and military nuclear facilities. Bush told the Prime Minister that he remained fully committed to the agreement and hoped that he would get the US Congressional approval for it. In response, Singh said he had Indian Parliament's backing for the agreement, although he was surprised that his predecessor Atal Bihari Vajpayee had been sharply critical of it. In a delicate balancing act with regard to the ticklish issue of India's stand on Iran's nuclear programme, which has generated criticism in Washington, Singh told Bush that diplomacy should be given a chance, but at the same time Teheran must fulfill its international obligations. On Iran, President Bush said there certain developments were causing concern and the Prime Minister reiterated India's stand that it was totally opposed to Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD) and that Teheran's programme should be done within the ambit of the international obligations it had made. With the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) set to give its report on Iran's nuclear programme, he said diplomacy should be given a chance and promised to work constructively on it. The two agreed to work together on the Board of Governors of the IAEA. 'India's preference is that a consensus should be worked on the issue,' Foreign Secretary Shyam Saran told reporters on the 30-minute meeting between the two leaders. The discussions on the Iranian nuclear programme took place against the background of criticism by some US Congressmen on recent reported statements of External Affairs Minister K Natwar Singh during his recent trip to Iran. Replying to questions, Saran said he did not not think there were any double standards on this. Both France and US had stated that they would negotiate with other partners in the Nuclear Suppliers Group for lifting restrictions on India. While sticking to India's position on Iran fulfilling the obligations against nuclear proliferation, the Prime Minister also said India did not not want nuclear proliferation in its neighbourhood. Singh was assisted in his discussions with Bush by his National Security Adviser M K Narayanan while the US President was assisted by his NSA Steve Hadley. The Prime Minister later attended a dinner hosted by Malaysian Prime Minister Abdulla Badawi for former Chairmen of NAM in which issues like reforms of the UN were discussed. On the sidelines of the UNGA, the External Affairs Minister K Natwar Singh attended a trilateral meeting of India, Russia and China to discuss multilateral issues.