Census 2011: Lesser Girls In More Babies7 April 2011
Srinagar: There has been a significant decline in the child sex ratio and the overall sex ratio in the last one decade in Jammu and Kashmir with the state’s population pegged at 1.25 crore, according to the provisional 2011 Census report. The overall growth rate has decreased by six per cent while the literacy rate has shown an upward trend. Releasing the report here on Thursday, Joint Principal Census Officer, C S Sapru said the headcount was significant in many ways especially since even the separatist leaders had asked people to participate in the exercise. “The total population of JK is 12,548,926. Of this 53, 50811 is Jammu’s population and 71, 98,150 is Kashmir’s population which include 2.90 lakh population of Kargil and Ladakh region,” said Sapru, adding that the figure includes 66.65 lakh males and 58.83 lakh females. Earlier, as per Census 2001, Kashmir had more than 55 lakh population while Jammu had 44.28 lakh and Ladakh 2.36 lakh. While the population growth percentage in 2001 was +29.43, it has gone down to +23.71, a dip of 6 per cent. There has been an increase of 24 lakh population in ten years. The child sex ratio (children between 0 to 6 years) has declined from 941 females per 1000 males in 2001 to 859 females per 1000 males in 2011. “This is a grave concern,” Sapru said, who was flanked by Director Census for J&K, Farooq Ahmed Fakhtoo. The overall sex ratio has also decreased from 892 in 2001 to 883 in 2011 while the literacy rate for both sexes has shown an upward trend. “The male literacy in 2001 was 66.60 per cent which has improved to 78.26 per cent. Similarly, female literacy rate in 2001 was 43 per cent which has risen up to 58.1 per cent,” said Sapru. Interestingly, the remote district of Kupwara has shown 6.98 per cent growth in the population. On the occasion, Sapru faced volley of questions including the queries about number of Kashmiri Pandits who have migrated to Jammu and other parts of India, number of militants, number of CRPF, BSF and Army men. “We have not counted them individually. We have presented the figure of people who were present in the state between February 9 and February 28, 2011,” Sapru clarified. “This not the final report. That may be released at the end of this year,” he added. The Census department carried out the head count in the state from February 9 to February 28.