March 2019 News
Re-escalation Of Tension Dangerous For India, Pakistan: US Official21 March 2019
Washington DC: The US has cautioned Pakistan that another militant attack on India will prove to be 'extremely problematic' as it asked Islamabad to take more 'concrete and sustained' actions to rein in groups including the JeM and the LeT. Tensions between India and Pakistan escalated after a suicide bomber of Pakistan-based group Jaish-e-Mohammed (JeM) killed 40 CRPF personnel in Jammu and Kashmir's Pulwama district on February 14. India launched a counter-militancy operation in Balakot across the Line of control. The next day, Pakistan Air Force retaliated and downed a MiG-21 in an aerial combat and captured its pilot, who was handed over to India on March 1. Addressing reporters at the White House, a senior administration official said: 'We need to see Pakistan taking concrete and sustained action to rein in the terrorist groups, mainly the Jaish-e-Mohammed and the Lashkar-e-Taiba in order to ensure that we don't have re-escalation (of tensions) in the region'. 'If there's any additional terrorist attack without Pakistan having made a sustained, sincere effort against these groups, it would be extremely problematic for Pakistan and it would cause re-escalation of tensions, which is dangerous for both countries,' he said on the condition of anonymity. Asked about the steps being taken by Pakistan in the aftermath of the Balakot air strike by Indian fighter jets, the official said that the US and the international community needed to see 'irreversible and sustained actions against the terror groups'. 'It's early to make a full assessment,' he said. In the recent days, the official said Pakistan has taken some 'initial' actions. They have frozen the assets of some militant groups and made some arrests. They have taken administrative control of some of the JeM facilities, he said. 'But we clearly need to see more. We need to see irreversible action because in the past, what we've seen is they made some arrests and then a few months later, they released these individuals. The terrorist leaders are sometimes still allowed to travel around the country, hold rallies,' the official said. Reiterating that the US is looking for 'irreversible action', he said America is working with its international partners to increase pressure on Pakistan. 'Because it has been too long that these groups have been able to operate,' he said. Observing that Pakistan has economic concerns as well, the official said the Financial Action Tasks Force (FATF) is one area which demonstrates the need for them to take these actions against militant groups. 'Otherwise, they're at risk within the system and the FATF to be grey-listed,' the official said. Pakistan needs to decide if it wants to be viewed as a responsible international player and have access to all the financial mechanisms that are available or is it going to continue to fail to take the steps necessary against these groups and see itself further isolated. 'The choice is Pakistan's,' the senior administration official asserted. While the situation between the two south Asian neighbours has de-escalated, the two armies are still on high alert and that concerns the US, the official said. 'So, we realise that if there, God forbid, would be another terrorist attack that you could quickly see the escalation in the situation once again. So that's why, we're making clear that any additional military action by either side runs an unacceptably high risk, for both countries and for the region,' the official said. The Trump administration, he said, has taken sort of a 'zero tolerance policy on the issue of safe havens to terrorists'. The United States has also reached out to influential countries to have them help deescalate the situation, the senior administration official said. Some of these countries are China, Saudi Arabia, the UAE, Qatar, the United Kingdom, the European Union, Japan and Australia.