Fundamentalist & Communal Upsurge
G.M. Shah's rule also saw an upsurge in the activities of fundamentalist and communal forces in the Kashmir Valley who succeeded in gaining wider acceptability at the cost of secular forces. The secessionist and subversive parties and organisations, including the J&K Jamaat-e-Islami which had been active in electoral politics since 1971, also exploited the weak administrative apparatus in intensifying anti-national and anti-secular propaganda. The overall effect was the weakening of the State's secular fabric. The fundamentalist and Islamic parties continued their activities and a number of such outifits including Ummat-e-Islami, Muslim United Front etc. emerged even after the imposition of Governor's rule. Side by side, the pro-Pakistan subversive elements owing allegiance to JEI J&K, Islami Jamaat-e-Tulba, J&K Peoples' League, Mahaz-e-Azadi persisted in their anti-national propaganda and activities. There was a persistent growth in pro-Pakistan and Muslim fundamentalist activities in the state. Meanwhile, Dr. Farooq Abdullah, ousted from power, had adopted a strong anti-Centre and anti-Congress-I posture and aligned himself with the opposition parties at the national level.