Insight News

Detailed Mori Poll Results

* 850 interviews completed, face-to-face, with adults aged 16+ across 55 localities within Jammu and Kashmir.
* Fieldwork carried out between 18-29 April 2002.
* Quotas set by gender and religion, according to the known population profile of the region.
* Data are unweighted.
* An asterisk (*) denotes a figure of less than 0.5% but greater than zero.
* Where percentages do not sum to 100%, this is because of computer rounding or multiple responses.
* The base for each question is all respondents interviewed (850) unless otherwise stated.


I am conducting a survey for a non-governmental orgranisation about the political situation in Jammu and Kashmir and how to find a long-lasting political solution, and I would like to ask you a few questions.

Q1. Thinking about the violence over the last 10 years do you think Kashmir is now closer to reaching a long-lasting political solution, is it now further from reaching a long-lasting political solution, or has there been no real change over the last 10 years?

%
Closer to a long-lasting political solution
24
Further from a long-lasting political solution
34
No real change
41
Don't know
1


Q2. Overall, has Pakistan's involvement in Jammu and Kashmir over the past 10 years been good for the region, bad for the region, or made no real difference?

%
Good
15
Bad
66
No real difference
18
Don't know
1


Q3. Do you think Pakistan's involvement in Jammu and Kashmir is or is not...

Is
Is not
Don't know
(a)...Sincere and based on genuine concern for Kashmiris
%
31
68
1
(b)...Based on territorial ambition
%
59
39
2
(c)....Based on religious affinity due to the Muslim character of the valley
%
84
15
1



Q4. Do you think the presence of foreign militants in Jammu and Kashmir is helpful to the Kashmir cause, damaging to the Kashmir cause, or neither particularly helpful or damaging?
%
Helpful to the Kashmir cause
10
Damaging to the Kashmir cause
65
Neither particularly helpful nor damaging
24
Don't know
1


Q5. Do you think human rights violations by Indian security forces in Jammu and Kashmir are widespread, occasional, or non-existent?

%
Widespread
27
Occasional
17
Non-existent
54
Don't know
2


Q6. And do you think human rights violations by militant groups in Jammu and Kashmir are widespread, occasional, or non-existent?

%
Widespread
48
Occasional
16
Non-existent
34
Don't know
2


Q7. From where do you think the militants in Jammu and Kashmir receive their weapons training and financial resources? Is it...

%
...From within Jammu and Kashmir
24
From Pakistan
57
Or From somewhere else
16
Includes: United Arab Emirates
3
Afghanistan
1
Other countries (unspecified)
1
America
*
Iran
*
Don't know/Can't say
11
Don't know
23


Q8. On balance, do you agree or disagree with each of these statements about Jammu and Kashmir?

Agree
Disagree
Don't know
(a)
The correct way to bring about peace to the region is through democratic elections
%
71
28
*
(b)
It is not possible to hold democratic elections while violence continues
%
65
34
1
(c)
India and Pakistan should go to war in order to find a permanent solution to the situation in Kashmir
%
36
63
1
(d)
A new political party is needed to bring about a permanent solution in Kashmir
%
53
46
1
(e)
The unique cultural identity of Jammu and Kashmir-Kashmiryat-should be preserved in any long-term solution
%
81
19
*


Q9. I am going to read out some proposals. Please tell me whether you think each one will or will not help to bring peace to the state of Jammu and Kashmir.

Will Will Not Don't Know
a) The holding of free and fair elections to
elect the people's representatives
%
86
14
1
b) Direct consultation between the Indian government
and the people of Kashmir
%
87
12
1
c) People in Jammu and Kashmir having the freedom to travel
in both directions across the Line of Control
%
64
35
*
d) Displaced Kashmiri Pandits being allowed
to return to their homes
%
80
19
1
e) People from outside of Kashmir being encouraged
to invest in the area to help rebuild Kashmir's economy and
tourist industry
%
74
25
1
f) Security forces scaling down their operations in J&K %
53
46
1
g) An end to militant violence in the region %
86
10
3
h) Economic development of the region to provide more job opportunities and a reduction in poverty %
93
6
1
i) The banning of television, beauty parlours and cinemas %
28
72
*
j) Stopping infiltration of militants across the Line of Control %
88
10
*


Q.10. Do you think Indo-Pakistani dialogue on Kashmir can lead to a positive outcome if held immediately, only when cross-border terrorism ends, or not at all?

%
Immediately
51
Only when cross-border terrorism ends
36
Not at all
13
Don't know
*


Q.11. On balance, do you support or oppose each of the following proposals to help lead to a long-term solution to the political situation in Kashmir?

Support
Oppose
Don't Know
a) India and Pakistan should grant
as much autonomy as they can to both sides of Kashmir to govern
their own affairs
%
55
44
*
b) The borders between Pakistan-controlled Kashmir and Indian Kashmir should be opened for much more trade and cultural exchange
%
70
30
*
c) There should be a forum in which Kashmiris from both sides of the Line of Control can discuss common interests
%
91
9
*
d) The state of Jammu and Kashmir should be divided on the basis of religion or ethnic group
%
8
92
*


Q.12. On balance, do you support or oppose each of the following organisations?

Political Parties Support Oppose Don't Know
a) National Conference
%
18
81
*
b) Congress
%
29
71
1
c) Communist Party of India
(Marxist)/CPM
%
2
97
1
d) Bhartiya Janata Party/BJP
%
25
75
*
e) People's Democratic Party/PDP
%
3
96
1
f) Radical Groups
All Party Hurriyat Conference/APHC
%
22
78
*
g) Jammu and Kashmir Democratic Freedom
Party/JKDFP
%
16
84
*
h) Militant Groups
Hizbul Mujahideen
%
11
67
22
i) Any foreign militant groups (e.g. Lashkar-e
e-Taiba, Jaish-e-Mohammad)
%
9
69
22


Q.13. Do you think you would be better off politically and economically as an Indian citizen or as a Pakistani citizen?

Indian Citizen
61 %
Pakistani Citizen
6 %
Don't Know
33 %


DEMOGRAPHICS

QA Gender

Male
51 %
Female
49 %


QB What was your age at your last birthday?

16-24
20 %
24-34
32 %
35-44
26 %
45-54
14 %
55-64
6 %
65+
2 %


QC What is the highest level of education you have achieved?

None/Illiterate
19 %
Primary School
16 %
Secondary school/high school certificate
37 %
Some college education, but not graduate
11 %
Graduate/post-graduate
17 %
Don't know
*


Q.D Type of work

Working:
Unskilled worker/Labourer
8 %
Skilled worker
13 %
Petty trader/Sole trader
7 %
Businessman/Industrialist/Professional
22 %
Not working:
Unemployed
*
Housewife
35 %
Retired
2 %
In full-time education
12 %
Other
0 %


Q.E In what industry do/did you work?
Base: All working or retired (448)

Agriculture/Farming
10 %
Education
2 %
Government Employee
23 %
Health/Medicine
3 %
Law
1 %
Manufacturing (e.g. factories)
9 %
Retail (e.g. shops)
31 %
Tourism (e.g. hotels, restaurants)
3 %
Transport
6 %
Cottage Industries
2 %
Other
11 %

Religion

Muslim
60 %
Buddhist
4 %
Hindu
34 %
Christian
*
Sikh
1 %

Town/region

Srinagar City
35 %
Jammu City
40 %
Leh
9 %
Rural (Srinagar)
7 %
Rural (Jammu)
8 %


2 June 2002

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