Detailed Mori Poll Results
* 850 interviews completed, face-to-face, with adults aged 16+ across 55 localities within Jammu and Kashmir.
* Fieldwork carried out between 18-29 April 2002.
* Quotas set by gender and religion, according to the known population profile of the region.
* Data are unweighted.
* An asterisk (*) denotes a figure of less than 0.5% but greater than zero.
* Where percentages do not sum to 100%, this is because of computer rounding or multiple responses.
* The base for each question is all respondents interviewed (850) unless otherwise stated.
I am conducting a survey for a non-governmental orgranisation about the political situation in Jammu and Kashmir and how to find a long-lasting political solution, and I would like to ask you a few questions.
Q1. Thinking about the violence over the last 10 years do you think Kashmir is now closer to reaching a long-lasting political solution, is it now further from reaching a long-lasting political solution, or has there been no real change over the last 10 years?
|Closer to a long-lasting political solution||24|
|Further from a long-lasting political solution||34|
|No real change||41|
Q2. Overall, has Pakistan's involvement in Jammu and Kashmir over the past 10 years been good for the region, bad for the region, or made no real difference?
|No real difference||18|
Q3. Do you think Pakistan's involvement in Jammu and Kashmir is or is not...
|Is||Is not||Don't know|
|(a)...Sincere and based on genuine concern for Kashmiris||%||31||68||1|
|(b)...Based on territorial ambition||%||59||39||2|
|(c)....Based on religious affinity due to the Muslim character of the valley||%||84||15||1|
Q4. Do you think the presence of foreign militants in Jammu and Kashmir is helpful to the Kashmir cause, damaging to the Kashmir cause, or neither particularly helpful or damaging?
|Helpful to the Kashmir cause||10|
|Damaging to the Kashmir cause||65|
|Neither particularly helpful nor damaging||24|
Q5. Do you think human rights violations by Indian security forces in Jammu and Kashmir are widespread, occasional, or non-existent?
Q6. And do you think human rights violations by militant groups in Jammu and Kashmir are widespread, occasional, or non-existent?
Q7. From where do you think the militants in Jammu and Kashmir receive their weapons training and financial resources? Is it...
|...From within Jammu and Kashmir||24|
|Or From somewhere else||16|
|Includes: United Arab Emirates||3|
|Other countries (unspecified)||1|
|Don't know/Can't say||11|
Q8. On balance, do you agree or disagree with each of these statements about Jammu and Kashmir?
|(a)||The correct way to bring about peace to the region is through democratic elections||%||71||28||*|
|(b)||It is not possible to hold democratic elections while violence continues||%||65||34||1|
|(c)||India and Pakistan should go to war in order to find a permanent solution to the situation in Kashmir||%||36||63||1|
|(d)||A new political party is needed to bring about a permanent solution in Kashmir||%||53||46||1|
|(e)||The unique cultural identity of Jammu and Kashmir-Kashmiryat-should be preserved in any long-term solution||%||81||19||*|
Q9. I am going to read out some proposals. Please tell me whether you think each one will or will not help to bring peace to the state of Jammu and Kashmir.
|Will||Will Not||Don't Know|
|a)|| The holding of free and fair elections to
elect the people's representatives
|b)|| Direct consultation between the Indian government
and the people of Kashmir
|c)|| People in Jammu and Kashmir having the freedom to travel
in both directions across the Line of Control
|d)|| Displaced Kashmiri Pandits being allowed
to return to their homes
|e)|| People from outside of Kashmir being encouraged
to invest in the area to help rebuild Kashmir's economy and
|f)||Security forces scaling down their operations in J&K||%||53||46||1|
|g)||An end to militant violence in the region||%||86||10||3|
|h)||Economic development of the region to provide more job opportunities and a reduction in poverty||%||93||6||1|
|i)||The banning of television, beauty parlours and cinemas||%||28||72||*|
|j)||Stopping infiltration of militants across the Line of Control||%||88||10||*|
Q.10. Do you think Indo-Pakistani dialogue on Kashmir can lead to a positive outcome if held immediately, only when cross-border terrorism ends, or not at all?
|Only when cross-border terrorism ends||36|
|Not at all||13|
Q.11. On balance, do you support or oppose each of the following proposals to help lead to a long-term solution to the political situation in Kashmir?
|a)|| India and Pakistan should grant
as much autonomy as they can to both sides of Kashmir to govern
their own affairs
|b)||The borders between Pakistan-controlled Kashmir and Indian Kashmir should be opened for much more trade and cultural exchange||%||70||30||*|
|c)||There should be a forum in which Kashmiris from both sides of the Line of Control can discuss common interests||%||91||9||*|
|d)||The state of Jammu and Kashmir should be divided on the basis of religion or ethnic group||%||8||92||*|
Q.12. On balance, do you support or oppose each of the following organisations?
|Political Parties||Support||Oppose||Don't Know|
|c)|| Communist Party of India
|d)||Bhartiya Janata Party/BJP||%||25||75||*|
|e)||People's Democratic Party/PDP||%||3||96||1|
|f)|| Radical Groups
All Party Hurriyat Conference/APHC
|g)|| Jammu and Kashmir Democratic Freedom
|h)|| Militant Groups
|i)|| Any foreign militant groups (e.g. Lashkar-e
Q.13. Do you think you would be better off politically and economically as an Indian citizen or as a Pakistani citizen?
|Indian Citizen||61 %|
|Pakistani Citizen||6 %|
|Don't Know||33 %|
QB What was your age at your last birthday?
QC What is the highest level of education you have achieved?
|Primary School||16 %|
|Secondary school/high school certificate||37 %|
|Some college education, but not graduate||11 %|
Q.D Type of work
|Unskilled worker/Labourer||8 %|
|Skilled worker||13 %|
|Petty trader/Sole trader||7 %|
|In full-time education||12 %|
Q.E In what industry do/did you work?
Base: All working or retired (448)
|Government Employee||23 %|
|Manufacturing (e.g. factories)||9 %|
|Retail (e.g. shops)||31 %|
|Tourism (e.g. hotels, restaurants)||3 %|
|Cottage Industries||2 %|
|Srinagar City||35 %|
|Jammu City||40 %|
|Rural (Srinagar)||7 %|
|Rural (Jammu)||8 %|