Insights

Detailed Mori Poll Results

2 June 2002

* 850 interviews completed, face-to-face, with adults aged 16+ across 55 localities within Jammu and Kashmir.
* Fieldwork carried out between 18-29 April 2002.
* Quotas set by gender and religion, according to the known population profile of the region.
* Data are unweighted.
* An asterisk (*) denotes a figure of less than 0.5% but greater than zero.
* Where percentages do not sum to 100%, this is because of computer rounding or multiple responses.
* The base for each question is all respondents interviewed (850) unless otherwise stated.

I am conducting a survey for a non-governmental orgranisation about the political situation in Jammu and Kashmir and how to find a long-lasting political solution, and I would like to ask you a few questions.

Q1. Thinking about the violence over the last 10 years do you think Kashmir is now closer to reaching a long-lasting political solution, is it now further from reaching a long-lasting political solution, or has there been no real change over the last 10 years?

%
Closer to a long-lasting political solution 24
Further from a long-lasting political solution 34
No real change 41
Don't know 1

Q2. Overall, has Pakistan's involvement in Jammu and Kashmir over the past 10 years been good for the region, bad for the region, or made no real difference?

%
Good 15
Bad 66
No real difference 18
Don't know 1

Q3. Do you think Pakistan's involvement in Jammu and Kashmir is or is not...

Is Is not Don't know
(a)...Sincere and based on genuine concern for Kashmiris % 31 68 1
(b)...Based on territorial ambition % 59 39 2
(c)....Based on religious affinity due to the Muslim character of the valley % 84 15 1


Q4. Do you think the presence of foreign militants in Jammu and Kashmir is helpful to the Kashmir cause, damaging to the Kashmir cause, or neither particularly helpful or damaging?

%
Helpful to the Kashmir cause 10
Damaging to the Kashmir cause 65
Neither particularly helpful nor damaging 24
Don't know 1

Q5. Do you think human rights violations by Indian security forces in Jammu and Kashmir are widespread, occasional, or non-existent?

%
Widespread 27
Occasional 17
Non-existent 54
Don't know 2

Q6. And do you think human rights violations by militant groups in Jammu and Kashmir are widespread, occasional, or non-existent?

%
Widespread 48
Occasional 16
Non-existent 34
Don't know 2

Q7. From where do you think the militants in Jammu and Kashmir receive their weapons training and financial resources? Is it...

%
...From within Jammu and Kashmir 24
From Pakistan 57
Or From somewhere else 16
Includes: United Arab Emirates 3
Afghanistan 1
Other countries (unspecified) 1
America *
Iran *
Don't know/Can't say 11
Don't know 23

Q8. On balance, do you agree or disagree with each of these statements about Jammu and Kashmir?

Agree Disagree Don't know
(a) The correct way to bring about peace to the region is through democratic elections % 71 28 *
(b) It is not possible to hold democratic elections while violence continues % 65 34 1
(c) India and Pakistan should go to war in order to find a permanent solution to the situation in Kashmir % 36 63 1
(d) A new political party is needed to bring about a permanent solution in Kashmir % 53 46 1
(e) The unique cultural identity of Jammu and Kashmir-Kashmiryat-should be preserved in any long-term solution % 81 19 *

Q9. I am going to read out some proposals. Please tell me whether you think each one will or will not help to bring peace to the state of Jammu and Kashmir.

Will Will Not Don't Know
a) The holding of free and fair elections to
elect the people's representatives
% 86 14 1
b) Direct consultation between the Indian government
and the people of Kashmir
% 87 12 1
c) People in Jammu and Kashmir having the freedom to travel
in both directions across the Line of Control
% 64 35 *
d) Displaced Kashmiri Pandits being allowed
to return to their homes
% 80 19 1
e) People from outside of Kashmir being encouraged
to invest in the area to help rebuild Kashmir's economy and
tourist industry
% 74 25 1
f) Security forces scaling down their operations in J&K % 53 46 1
g) An end to militant violence in the region % 86 10 3
h) Economic development of the region to provide more job opportunities and a reduction in poverty % 93 6 1
i) The banning of television, beauty parlours and cinemas % 28 72 *
j) Stopping infiltration of militants across the Line of Control % 88 10 *

Q.10. Do you think Indo-Pakistani dialogue on Kashmir can lead to a positive outcome if held immediately, only when cross-border terrorism ends, or not at all?

%
Immediately 51
Only when cross-border terrorism ends 36
Not at all 13
Don't know *

Q.11. On balance, do you support or oppose each of the following proposals to help lead to a long-term solution to the political situation in Kashmir?

Support Oppose Don't Know
a) India and Pakistan should grant
as much autonomy as they can to both sides of Kashmir to govern
their own affairs
% 55 44 *
b) The borders between Pakistan-controlled Kashmir and Indian Kashmir should be opened for much more trade and cultural exchange % 70 30 *
c) There should be a forum in which Kashmiris from both sides of the Line of Control can discuss common interests % 91 9 *
d) The state of Jammu and Kashmir should be divided on the basis of religion or ethnic group % 8 92 *

Q.12. On balance, do you support or oppose each of the following organisations?

Political Parties Support Oppose Don't Know
a) National Conference % 18 81 *
b) Congress % 29 71 1
c) Communist Party of India
(Marxist)/CPM
% 2 97 1
d) Bhartiya Janata Party/BJP % 25 75 *
e) People's Democratic Party/PDP % 3 96 1
f) Radical Groups
All Party Hurriyat Conference/APHC
% 22 78 *
g) Jammu and Kashmir Democratic Freedom
Party/JKDFP
% 16 84 *
h) Militant Groups
Hizbul Mujahideen
% 11 67 22
i) Any foreign militant groups (e.g. Lashkar-e
e-Taiba, Jaish-e-Mohammad)
% 9 69 22

Q.13. Do you think you would be better off politically and economically as an Indian citizen or as a Pakistani citizen?

Indian Citizen 61 %
Pakistani Citizen 6 %
Don't Know 33 %

DEMOGRAPHICS

QA Gender

Male 51 %
Female 49 %

QB What was your age at your last birthday?

16-24 20 %
24-34 32 %
35-44 26 %
45-54 14 %
55-64 6 %
65+ 2 %

QC What is the highest level of education you have achieved?

None/Illiterate 19 %
Primary School 16 %
Secondary school/high school certificate 37 %
Some college education, but not graduate 11 %
Graduate/post-graduate 17 %
Don't know *

Q.D Type of work

Working:
Unskilled worker/Labourer 8 %
Skilled worker 13 %
Petty trader/Sole trader 7 %
Businessman/Industrialist/Professional 22 %
Not working:
Unemployed *
Housewife 35 %
Retired 2 %
In full-time education 12 %
Other 0 %

Q.E In what industry do/did you work?
Base: All working or retired (448)

Agriculture/Farming 10 %
Education 2 %
Government Employee 23 %
Health/Medicine 3 %
Law 1 %
Manufacturing (e.g. factories) 9 %
Retail (e.g. shops) 31 %
Tourism (e.g. hotels, restaurants) 3 %
Transport 6 %
Cottage Industries 2 %
Other 11 %
Religion
Muslim 60 %
Buddhist 4 %
Hindu 34 %
Christian *
Sikh 1 %
Town/region
Srinagar City 35 %
Jammu City 40 %
Leh 9 %
Rural (Srinagar) 7 %
Rural (Jammu) 8 %