Previous Insight Reports

4 August 2000

The Command of War in Islam
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There are people who wage war against their supposed enemies - for land and wealth and other material interests. And to justify these actions, they cite those Quranic verses which deal with jehad in the sense of qital (armed struggle). But their are clear reasons why their fighting does not fall into the category of jehad fi Sabilillah (in the name of God).

4 July 2000

Farida Khanam on Understanding Jihad
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In its literal sense jihad in Arabic simply means struggle - striving to one's utmost to further a worthy cause. There is a difference, however between the word, struggle and jihad. The word struggle does not connote the sense of reward or worship in the religious sense of the word. But when the word jihad became a part of Islamic terminology, the sense of reward or worship came to be associated with it, that is to say, if struggle is struggle in the simple sense of the word, then jihad means a struggle which is an act of worship, the engagement of which earns reward to the person concerned. As the Quran says: Strive for the cause of God as you ought to strive.(22:78)

1 June 2000

Sultan Shahin on the "Free Balawaristan movement gains momentum"
Several politicians and social activities in the Kashmir valley are surprised to have received recently letters of greetings and calls for help from the leadership of the Balawaristan National Front (BNF) which has been spearheading a movement for independence in Gilgit and Baltistan (jointly called Balawaristan) in Pakistan occupied Kashmir.
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Maulana Wahiduddin Khan on how Islam views Jihad, Women's Right, Charity and Hijacking

A series of special articles by Maulana Wahiduddin Khan
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2 February 2000

Maulana Parikh on The Hijacking of IC-814
We all know that a plane bound for Delhi from Kathmandu carrying innocent passengers was hijacked by some Pakistani nationals in the name of Islam in the holy month of Ramzan. The plane went to Amritsar, Lahore, Dubai, picked up food, medicines in the name of humanitarian measures for passengers and even took petrol.
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The December 1999 Second Report

JIHAD: A Battle for peace and Justice
If there is Jihad, it is open and announced. Jihad cannot be covert or clandestine and it has no place for sabotage and subversion from within. Jihad is a clean and moral battle in the pursuit of clean and moral objectives; if not, it is not Jihad.
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The December 1999 Report

Kashmir: Fundamentalism takes root
Jonah Blank, an anthropologist, visits Kashmir and writes about the broken promises and the great tragedies of our State. Every border skirmish between India and Pakistan now carries the potential - however remote - for catastrophic escalation, and in Kashmir, such skirmishes are a daily fact of life. There will be no safety for either state without stability in Kashmir, and there will be no stability in Kashmir without the cooperation of its people.
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'Pakistan Writers on Kargil'

A special series of articles by Pakistan writers on Kargil.
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The September 1999 Second Report

How Azad is 'Azad Kashmir'
If you want to study the situation in Pakistan Occupied Kashmir and cannot go to even the minuscule part of this region designated as 'Azad Kashmir', the best place to go to is England. Bradford, Birmingham, Nottingham, Luton, Slough and Southall are perhaps even better sources of information about the POK than Muzaffarabad, Mirpur, Bagh Rawalakot and Kotli.
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The September 1999 Report

Kashmir: Where Sufis are Rishis and Rishis are Sufis!
The most dominant influence on the Kashmiri Muslims, in terms of their Kashmiriyat, is that of the Rishi order of Sufis. While the Sufi orders like the Suharwardi, Kubravi, Naqshbandi and Quadri, arrived in Kashmir from Persia, Central Asia, and Central and North India, the Rishi order evolved in the valley itself indigenously in the beginning of the fifteenth century.
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The August 1999 Report

Religion of the Jahiliya
A completely new religion seems to be catching the imagination of many people in can at best be described as Jihadism as its central belief system is based on a wilful misinterpretation of the Islamic concept of Jihad.
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The June 1999 Report

Stop This Nonsense in Kargil, Hashim Qureshi
The Chairman of Jammu Kashmir Democratic Liberation Party Hashim Qureshi has called upon the governments of India and Pakistan to immediately end the Kargil skirmish, which he termed as an act of utter nonsense.
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The May 1999 Report

Islamic Pakistan Proceeds to Annex Sikh Gurdwaras
All previous protestations of friendship of the Sikh community ring hollow and it is becoming increasingly clear that Islamic fundamentalist elements, who control the Government in Pakistan, have decided to appropriate unto themselves Sikh gurdwaras in Pakistan and the properties attached to them.
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The April 1999 Report

The Kashmir Problem Thrives on Denial of Human and Democratic Rights, says Balraj Puri
Independent monitoring of Human Rights violation serves the best national interest, prevents further alienation of the people, prevents defaming of India abroad and helps in improving the discipline of the security forces.
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5th March 1999 Report

Kashmir's Accession To Pakistan: Its Economic Non-viability
Pakistan is a badly mismanaged and corrupt country and Kashmir's accession to that country would spell disaster, argues Hashim Qureshi.
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The February 1999 Report

The United States and Islam
At the end of the present century, religion has become a dynamic force all over the world. The recent developments in Eastern Europe and countries of the erstwhile Soviet Union clearly demonstrate that religion remains a potent force despite all efforts to suppress it.
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The January 1999 Second Report

Peddling The Peace Drug
An interview with Maulana Abdul Ala Maudoodi's son. In his interview, he reveals for the first time that his father's attitude was that of a drug-peddler who would not let his own children go near the stuff while selling the same to millions of other youngsters.
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The January 1999 Report

The Menace of Illicit Arms: An Article by Sundeep Waslekar
Since a free flow of small arms and light weapons have created tremendous scope for freelance terrorism in Kashmir, it would be necessary to check it if a solution has to be found. It is impossible for any government in New Delhi to negotiate peace if illicit guns reign the valley.
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Previous Insight Reports 1997-98

The November-December 1998 Report

Belfast Peace Agreement: Any Relevance for Kashmir?
Balraj Puri explaining about Belfast Peace Agreement:"My itinerary as a guest of the British government included a visit to Belfast, the capital of North Ireland, which had returned to peace after 32 years of violence between its two principal communities, majority Protestants and minority Catholics."
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The December 1998 Report

The Way Forward in Kashmir: An Article by Sundeep Waslekar
The writing on the wall is clear. Leading Western scholars, known for their proximity to American and British governments, have indicated that they would not bail the Kashmiri leaders out of the present imbroglio. The Kashmiris must take their future in their own hands.
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A special series of articles on diverse issues concerning the Kashmir problem
by Shabir Choudhry, Director, Institute of Kashmir Affairs
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The November 1998 Report

Lord Avebury's Visit to Kashmir
Lord Eric Reginald Avebury's views on the human rights situation in the Valley have undergone a noticeable change. By his own admission, he now has a more balanced and perhaps a better view of the problem that has plagued Indo-Pak relations of five decades and more.
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The November 1998 Second Report

Why There Can Be No Jihad in Kashmir
Also read interview of Haider Farooq Mawdudi , noted Pakistani Islamic scholar and son of the Late Maulana Sayed-ul-Ala Mawdudi, founder of the Jamaat-e-Islami(JEI). He has refuted 'Jihad' in Kashmir on the grounds that it is against the tenets of the Koran as Islam does not permit a covert war.
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The November 1998 Report

BALRAJ PURI writes on "Isolating The Issue of Killings of Innocents in Jammu and Kashmir"
Why did Kashmiri youth take to arms? Who and in what degree is he to blame for resorting to such desperate measures? What are the compulsions of the state and in what other manner should it have met the challenge to its authority and national integrity?
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The October Second 1998 Report

BALRAJ PURI writes on Pakistan's Claim to Represent People of Kashmir
Pakistan's claim that it "is in fact negotiating with India on behalf of the people of Kashmir" has understandably not been welcomed by them. Pakistan's Foreign Secretary Shamshad Ahmed, who made this claim, on the eve of his talks with his counterpart in India, has been challenged even by anti-Indian groups in the state.
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The October 1998 Report

Taliban - Emerging Threat to The Kashmir Valley
Since 1990, Pakistan, in her quest to destabilize India, and to establish its hegemony and control over Afghanistan encouraged the setting-up of a chain of 'madarsas' owing allegiance to the Jamaat-ul-Ulema-e- Islam (JUUI) -  Pakistan.
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The August 1998 Report

Lashkar e Toiba: The New Masters of Kashmir
Early this year, militancy changed tack in Kashmir; Pakistan put it's weight behinds a new terrorist outfit called Lashkar-e-Toiba (LET) or the "Army of the Pure." The puritanism of this army was characterised by a level of brutality, which surpasses that of the 40 odd militant groups that Pakistan has sponsored previously in Kashmir.
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The March 1998 Report

Hurriyat Splintered by Secret Agendas
The Hurriyat is splintered and cannot act cohesively any longer for all practical purposes. Hurriyat leaders must put up a united face in public though - because otherwise their Pakistani masters will crack the whip. Many Hurriyat leaders have secret agendas and are busy making their own plans for the future.
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The February 1998 First Report

Pakistan's Northern Areas: Revolt Brewing in Area of Darkness
Pakistanis can only talk about elah - accession - and every Kashmiri group seeking help from Pakistan must promise to accede to Pakistan. Otherwise like the JKLF they will be killed and their sisters raped. This is the truth. And what is accession - it is to suffer the fate of the miserable millions in the so-called Northern Areas where even after 50 years, the Punjabi rulers and their ISI agents continue to kill Muslims and deny them fundamental rights.
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The November 1997 First Report

The Jamaat e Islami Changes Tack on Kashmir
The moderates within the Jamaat e Islami Kashmir, who now have an upper hand in the functioning of the party, are weary of militancy in the valley and are tactically disassociating themselves from their armed wing. Similar feelings are being echoed by local JEI units.
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The October 1997 First Report

The Kashmir dispute and Mr. Nawaz Sharif :  His chance to leave a mark.
Nawaz Sharif has secured a mandate a second time. But can he use it to settle the Kashmir problem for the betterment of his country ? While his sincerity is not in doubt, that of others he must share power with is.
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The September 1997 Report

Pakistani Shelling along Jammu and Kashmir border:
The Pakistani Gameplan.
What prompted the Pakistani Army to provoke a flare-up along the Line of Control (LOC) in August 1997? Whatever the answer, the people of Kashmir lost out the most and Pakistan gained little.
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The June 1997 Second Report

The Historic India-Pakistan Accord could pave the way for peace in Jammu & Kashmir now that Pakistan has agreed not to involve any third party.
The Foreign Secretaries of India and Pakistan - Salman Haider and Shamshad Ahmad - met in Islamabad during 19-23 June, 1997 for protracted talks to hammer out an epoch-making accord. This accord is in many ways the culmination of consistent Indian efforts to keep Kashmir a bilateral issue between the two countries.
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The June 1997 Report

Ethnic Cleansing Continues in Kashmir as three Kashmiri Hindu pundits are dragged out of a bus and shot dead
Muslim bus passengers tried to plead with Kashmiri terrorists who stopped a bus and dragged out all passengers they thought were Hindus. But the terrorists were adamant. Three Pundits were taken away and shot dead. This incident of 15 June is another black mark in the history of our secular state.
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The May 1997 Second Report

Shoura-e-Jehad suspects misappropriation of funds by Hurriyat leaders.
The Shoura-e-Jehad, the umbrella organisation of Kashmir's five principal militant organisations, suspects that the Hurriyat leaders have misappropriated funds. The Shoura has asked Hurriyat leaders to submit detailed accounts of the funds received by them and spent by them.
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The May 1997 Report

Terrorists assassinate media persons in Kashmir, hoping to muzzle the truth
The gruesome murder of freelance journalist, Shaidain Shafi, and television programme producer, Tariq Ahmad, within a space of less than a month, has spread terror amongst media persons in Kashmir. Pakistani terrorists agents are trying to prove that they still can pick out soft targets and force Kashmiris to toe their line.
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The April 1997 Report

Hurriyat leadership Facing Corruption Charges
The ordinary man in Srinagar, not affiliated to any group, has long suspected that the Hurriyat leaders have grown rich championing militancy and the cause of Accession of J&K to Pakistan. Today, that suspicion has been confirmed by reports appearing in the Valley press about the murmurings of discontent and by investigations carried out by the Indian government's investigative agencies.
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